Doctors Association Kashmir (DAK) Sunday said at Kashmir hospitals patients are dying of simple infections like pneumonia and urinary infections as no antibiotic works.
"The bacteria that cause these infections are resistant to all antibiotics including last-resort antibiotics,” said DAK President Dr Nisar ul Hassan.
Quoting 2015 Antibiogram of SKIMS hospital, Dr Nisar said the most common bacteria isolated from patients were E coli, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter and they were found to have 100% resistance to ceftriaxone, a high-end antibiotic.
"80% of microbes recovered from patients admitted in ICUs were resistant to imipenem which is the last-line antibiotic," he added.
He further said the situation at SMHS hospital is horrible as patients do not respond even to Colistin, a reserve antibiotic.
Dr Nisar said misuse of antibiotic drugs is responsible for alarming levels of antibiotic resistance in Kashmir valley.
"Antibiotics are prescribed for viral infections against which they have no effect. You go to a doctor with cold or flu; you will walk away with a prescription for antibiotics. Every time you have fever, you are given an antibiotic. Every fever is not because of infection and does not require an antibiotic. Antibiotics find their way in prescriptions for viral diarrheas, sore throats, ear and sinus discharges," he said.
"As antibiotics are easily available and people use them without prescription for everything from malaise, fatigue, body aches to headache," Dr Nisar said adding "antibiotics are being administered to animals to prevent illnesses and also to fatten them up.
He said lack of standard treatment protocols in hospitals leads to irrational use of antibiotics which has helped microbes to evolve into resistant bugs.
"We are kind of back to the era of not having antibiotics.
With no antibiotics, cancer chemotherapy and simple surgery will become impossible and we are facing a future where cough or cut can kill once again.
At present, 7 lakh people die each year globally due to antibiotic resistance and if the trend continues the figure will go to one crore by 2050. Of these, 47 lakh deaths will be in Asia," said Dr. Nisar.