World Statistics Day was celebrated on 20 October 2020. The day was celebrated around the globe with the theme ‘connecting the world with the data we can trust’
Statistics is a mathematical science involving the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. Statistical methods are applied in most of the fields that involve decision making, for making accurate inferences from arranged data. Through application of various tools and techniques in statistics, the raw data becomes meaningful and generates the information for decision making purpose. The role of statistics in national development is very critical. The importance and availability of timely and reliable statistics on economic life of a nation cannot be under estimated. The progress of nation cannot be imagined in the absence of timely, reliable and accurate data. Timely, complete, accurate and reliable data is critical for creating and sustaining an environment which fosters strong, equitable development. It is highly important to have high quality statistics on the population and projections for policy deployment and for planning and providing of public services. To recognize the significance of high quality statistics for the progress of world, World Statistics Day is celebrated on every five years.
World Statistics Day was celebrated on 20 October 2020. The day was celebrated around the globe with the theme ‘connecting the world with the data we can trust’. The day aims to show that good data and statistics are indispensable for decision making by all actors in the society. The idea is to talk about the importance of trust and innovation in the national statistical system. United Nations celebrates the event every five years. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed the resolution on 3 June 2015 and declared 20 October as the Second World Statistics Day. The first world Statistics day was celebrated on 20 October 2010 with the theme “Service, Professionalism, and Integrity: celebrating the many contributions and achievements of Official Statistics”. The theme of the second World Statistics day was “Better Data, Better Lives”. African countries jointly celebrate the African Statistics Day annually on November 18. India celebrates Statistics Day on June 29, on the birthday of legendary Statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalonobis.
Statistics are fundamental for evidence- based policy making. Current, reliable, time and trusted data helps us to understand the changing world in which we live and to derive the transformations that are needed, leaving no one behind. A milestone in the history for the international Statistical Community was reached when, on 29 January 2014, The United nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution concerning the fundamental principles. It is the first time they have received such high recognition at global political level and it shows the importance of good statistics for decision making in the democratic society.
Almost twenty years after their adaption in 1994 by the UN Statistical Commission, the ten fundamental principles of official statistics are still as relevant today as they were in the past. They have become an integral part and a common reference in the statistical systems at global and national level.
The ten fundamental principles of official statistics are:
Bilateral and multilateral cooperation in statistics contributes to the improvement of systems of official statistics in all countries. As far as Indian Official Statistical System is concerned, it has the responsibility to provide adequate, relevant, reliable and timely official statistics/ data sets for informed decision making and for the formulation of plans and programs. To improve the statistical capacity of states the government of India launched a centrally sponsored scheme known as Indian Statistical Strengthening Project now (Support for Statistical Strengthening SSS) with World Bank aid of 80%. The project aimed at improving the Statistical capacity and Infrastructure of the state Statistical System for collecting, compiling and disseminating relevant and reliable official statistics for policy making and to promote their usage at the state/district levels. This day is an opportunity for statisticians around the world to work hard so as to provide reliable data, adhere to the fundamental principles of official statistics and build more durable and insightful data eco system.
(Author is Assistant Director (E&S), J&K Government)