Scheme will help in streamlining planning and revenue collection in rural areas and ensuring clarity on property rights
The SVAMITVA Scheme which stands for Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas was launched on April 24, 2020, by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day.
Through this scheme, the government aims to provide property cards to each household in the next three to four years in every village across the country.
The distribution of the SVAMITVA card recently began when the Prime Minister Modi launched it through video conferencing. The projected outlay of the project is Rs. 79.65 crore for the pilot phase (2020-21) and the survey will be done across the country in a phase-wise manner over a period of four years from 2020 to 2024.
SVAMITVA is a Central Sector Scheme and is a collaborative effort of Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India. Under SVAMITVA Scheme, PM Modi launches physical distribution of property cards with the purpose to digitalize land records and empower rural India.
Property records of about 1 lakh villages in Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka are to be surveyed during 2020-21. Nearly 1 lakh property owners in 763 villages of the 6 states received property cards which will enable them with sourcing of loans from financial institutions and determination of property tax.
There are several stakeholders involved in carrying out the SVAMITVA scheme, namely, Nodal Ministry (Ministry of Panchayati Raj), Government of India; Survey of India (Technology Implementation Agency); State Revenue Department; State Panchayati Raj Department; Local District Authorities; Property Owner; Gram Panchayat (GP); National Informatics Centre (GIS Division); and other departments having assets in Rural Inhabited Areas (if any) for preparing comprehensive database.
For monitoring purpose, a three-layer monitoring and evaluation framework shall be put in place for timely monitoring, reporting and course corrections (wherever necessary).
The SVAMITVA scheme seeks to bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits. It aims at creation of accurate land records for rural planning and determination of property tax, which would accrue to the Gram Panchayats directly in states where it is devolved or else, added to the state exchequer.
The scheme provides an integrated property validation solution for “Rural India” and is a scheme for mapping the land parcels in rural inhabited areas using drone technology and Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) with a target to cover all 6.62 lakh villages by 2020. Present coverage areas under this scheme are villages of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan.
SVAMITVA scheme includes a process of mainly six steps:
Step 1: Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to be signed between the Survey of India (SOI) and the Respective State Government.
Step 2: Creating awareness in the villages to be mapped.
Step 3: The Survey of India is responsible for preparing the National Topographic Database using latest technology.
Step 4: Continuously Operating Reference System (CORS) will be established to cross check data and provide Real Time Kinematic Connections.
Step 5: After creation of maps, inquiry process and dispute resolution is taken up.
Step 6: Final Property Cards or “Sampatti Patrak” will be generated. These cards will be available on digital platforms or as hard copies to the village household owners.
Thus, the scheme will help in streamlining planning and revenue collection in rural areas and ensuring clarity on property rights.
It will create survey infrastructure and Geographic Information System (GIS) maps which can be leveraged by any department for their use.
The scheme will support in preparation of better quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by making use of GIS maps and would reduce the property related disputes and legal cases.
Author is a 4th year student, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun