Continuous hatred created by political stakeholders to remain in power are the real challenges for cessation of hostilities between the nations
In the history of human civilizations, battle and wars have had a significant impact. The Hundred Years’ war between England and France (1337-1453), The Pequot war (1634-1638) between the Pequot and Mohegan tribes, The English war (1642-1651), The American Revolution (1775-1783), The American Civil War (1861-1865), Word War I (1914-1918), World War II and the Gulf War.
According to The New York Times (NYT) report, at least 108 million people were killed in wars only in the twentieth century and the overall estimation for the total number of people killed in wars throughout all of human history range from 150 million to 01 billion.
Wars are not only responsible for consuming precious human lives but also the huge economic wealth of the nations like in Gulf war approximately $76 billion dollars, in Vietnam War cost $500 billion dollars and in World War II, almost $3 trillion dollars were squandered.
Amidst era of globalization, the desiderata of a common man irrespective of his geo-political identity is to achieve the real pursuits like the coalesce of cultures, spread of technology and need for higher standards of living and ultimately establish the universal peace but still the war drums are resonating that may escalate to unintentional military bellicose between the nations by their self-centred approaches and policies.
The modern-day full-blown wars cannot commensurate with the wars occurred in the past as many nations possess the deadlier nuclear weapons and when extrapolating the nuclear holocaust, the scenario seems very challenging for the whole humanity en masse.
A research publication by William Daugherty and Barbara Leviet al. at Princeton University estimates the fatalities related to nuclear fallout of a single “100-Megaton” bomb can be more than 10 million deaths.
At present, there are about 13,410 active nuclear bombs in the world of somewhat similar capacity and the amount of destruction that may be caused by these arsenals is far beyond the comprehension.
Subsequently, let’s now contemplate upon the fact that how to stop or avoid the wars? If we analyse the main reason of conflict among the nations then unresolved territorial disputes are on top of the list.
When we talk about disputed territories, ‘The Kashmir Dispute’ is classified as the buzzword and regarded as the world’s most worrisome dispute followed by other territorial disputes around the world. A German political scientist Egbert Jahn, referred Kashmir as ‘Nuclear Flashpoint’ and one of the most dangerous centres of conflict in world politics since the founding of the states of Pakistan and India in 1947.
Different parts of Kashmir are currently administered by India, Pakistan and the People’s Republic of China, as each country owns the tag of Nuclear power and the hostile situation always prevail among these nations to gain or control the disputed territory.
Additionally, the continuous hatred and pandemonium created by political stakeholders all over the world on the basis of pseudo-patriotism, religion, nationalism and expansionism to remain in power at stake of breaching the universal peace and the large-scale misuse of information technology to flout with the freedom of others are the real challenges for the cessation of hostilities between the nations in 21st century.
The United Nations must show perseverance and conform its principles to cease and save the succeeding generations from the scourge of war; to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights; dignity and worth of human person irrespective of gender; equal rights to small and large nations; provide positive ambiance for international law to be maintained and promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom perspective.
At last, the accentuation based on rational thinking is to work for prosperity and eradicate some real challenges like food security problems, inclusive growth, future of employment and work, health, climate change and so on to restore the biological glory of mankind on earth.
Author is pursuing M.Sc. Bioinformatics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi